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U. S. Aircraft Popular Names Index 1939-45

Compiled by Randy Wilson
Copyright 1997 by Randy Wilson

NOTE: Unofficial but common names are shown in quotes.

Popular Name Designation Army/Navy Comments
Airabonita Bell XFL-1 conventional-gear version of P-39
for Navy carrier trials
Airacobra Bell P-39  
Airacomet Bell P-59 first U. S. jet fighter
Apache North American A-36 attack/dive bomber variant of P-51
Argus Fairchild C-61/GK British name for Forwarder
Ascender Curtiss XP-55  
Avenger Grumman TBF
General Motors TBM
Baltimore Martin A-30 Martin model 187 attack bomber for British
Bat McDonnell XP-67  
Bearcat Grumman F8F  
Bermuda Brewster A-34/SB2A British name for Buccaneer
Black Bullet Northrop XP-56  
Black Widow Northrop P-61/F2T  
Bobcat Cessna AT-8/17 & UC-78/JRC  
Bolo Douglas B-18  
Boston Douglas DB-7 British version of A-20 Havoc
Buccaneer Brewster A-34/SB2A  
Buffalo Brewster F2A  
Canso Consolidated PBY RCAF name for Catalina
Caravan Curtiss C-76  
Catalina Consolidated OA-10/PBY  
Chain Lightning Lockheed XP-58  
Chesapeake Vought SB2U British name for Vindicator
Cleveland Curtiss SBC British name for biplane Helldiver
Commando Curtiss C-46  
Conestoga Budd RB  
Constellation Lockheed C-69  
Cornell Fairchild PT-26 RCAF name for Canadian version
Coronado Consolidated PB2Y  
Corsair Vought F4U
Brewster F3A
Goodyear FG-1
Crane Cessna AT-17 RCAF name for Bobcat
Crewmaker Boeing AT-15 prototype only
Cub Piper L-4 British name for Grasshopper
Dakota Douglas C-47/R4D British name for Skytrain/Skymaster
Dauntless Douglas A-24/SBD  
"Demon" Curtiss SNC-1 export name for Falcon
Destroyer Douglas SB2D/BTD  
Devastator Douglas TBD  
Digby Douglas B-18 RCAF name for Bolo
Dominator Consolidated-Vultee B-32  
Dragon Douglas B-23  
Duck Grumman JF/J2F  
Eagle Fisher P-75  
Excalibur Sikorsky JR2S  
Expeditor Beech C-45/JRB  
Falcon Curtiss SNC  
Fireball Ryan FR  
Fledgling Curtiss AT-9 also called "Jeep"
Flying Fortress Boeing B-17  
Flying Ram Northrup XP-79B  
Fortress Boeing B-17 British name for Flying Fortress
Forwarder Fairchild C-61/GK  
Gannet Grumman F6F orig. British name for Hellcat
Goose Grumman OA-9/13/JRF  
Gosling Grumman OA-14/J4F orig. British name for Widgeon
Grasshopper Aeronca L-3
Interstate L-6
Piper L-4
Taylorcraft L-2
generic name for light liaison types
Guardsman Republic AT-12  
Gunner Fairchild AT-14/21  
Hadrian Waco CG-4 British name for Haig glider
Haig Waco CG-4/LRW official name but little used
Harpoon Lockheed PV-2  
Harvard North American AT-6/SNJ British name for Texan
Havoc Douglas A-20/BD  
Hawk Curtiss P-36  
Hellcat Grumman F6F  
Helldiver Curtiss SBC
Curtiss A-25/SB2C
SBC was biplane, SB2C monoplane
Hoverfly Sikorsky R-4/HNS first U. S. military helicopter
Hudson Lockheed A-28/29/PBO  
Invader Douglas A-26  
Invader North American A-36 more commonly called Apache
"Jeep" Curtiss AT-9 officially Fledgling
Kansan Beech AT-11/SNB-1  
Kaydet Boeing-Stearman PT-13/17/N2S  
Kingcobra Bell P-63  
Kingfisher Vought OS2U  
Kittyhawk Curtiss P-40D to N British name for Warhawk
Lancer Republic P-43  
Liberator Consolidated B-24/PB4Y
Consolidated C-87/RY
Liberator Express Consolidated C-87/RY orig. British name for Liberator
passenger/cargo version
Lightning Lockheed P-38  
Lodestar Lockheed C-56/60/R50  
Marauder Martin B-26  
Mariner Martin PBM  
Mars Martin PB2M/JRM  
Martlet Grumman F4F-3 orig. British name for Wildcat
Maryland Martin XA-22 Martin model 167 for British
Mitchell North American B-25  
Mohawk Curtiss P-36 British name for Hawk
Mustang North American P-51  
Navigator Beech AT-7/SNB-2  
Nighthawk Douglas P-70 orig. name for A-20 night fighter version
Nightingale Howard NH ambulance version only
Nomad Naval Aircraft Factory PBN improved Consolidated PBY
Norseman Noorduyn C-64/JA  
Owl Curtiss O-52  
Privateer Consolidated PB4Y-2  
Recruit Ryan PT-22  
Reliant Stinson C-81/R3Q  
Rocket Republic P-44  
Seagull Curtiss SOC also orig. British name for Seamew
Seahawk Curtiss SC  
Seamew Curtiss SO3C  
Seawolf Consolidated-Vultee TBY  
Sentinel Stinson L-5/OY  
Shooting Star Lockheed P-80 first U. S. operational jet fighter
Shrike Curtiss A-25 Army name for SB2C Helldiver
Skimmer Vought XF5U-1  
Skymaster Douglas C-54/R5D  
Skyrocket Grumman XF5F-1  
Skytrain Douglas C-47/R4D  
Skytrooper Douglas C-53/R4D paratroop version of C-47 Skytrain
Sophomore Fleetwings BT-12  
Superfortress Boeing B-29  
"Swoose Goose" Vultee XP-54  
Tarpon Grumman TBF orig. British name for Avenger
Texan North American AT-6/SNJ  
Thunderbolt Republic P-47  
Tigercat Grumman F7F  
Tomahawk Curtiss P-40A to C British name for early Warhawks
Traveler Beech C-43/GB  
Tutor Timm N2T  
Twin Mustang North American P-82  
Valiant Vultee BT-13/15/SNV unofficial name was "Vibrator"
Vanguard Vultee P-66 British name for light fighter
Vengeance Vultee A-31/35  
Ventura Lockheed PV-1  
Vigilant Vultee L-1  
Vindicator Vought SB2U  
Voyager Beech C-45/JRB orig. British name for Expeditor
Warhawk Curtiss P-40A to N see also Tomahawk and Kittyhawk
Wichita Beech AT-10  
Widgeon Grumman OA-14/J4F  
Wildcat Grumman F4F
General Motors FM-1 / -2
Yankee-Doodle Fairchild AT-13  
"Yellow Peril" Boeing-Stearman PT-13/17/N2S
Naval Aircraft Factory N3N
generic name for biplane primary trainers


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All material not specifically credited is Copyright by Randy Wilson. All rights reserved.
E-mail to Randy Wilson: avhistory@rwebs.net