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Power & RPM Allison Starting Curtiss Prop P-39 P-40N-20 P-47 P-51 P-63 Power Tables

Section VII -- Operating Instructions for the P-51

    1. Obtain flight clearance.
    2. Check outside of airplane carefully. Remove pitot cover.
    3. Check service of ship and status of it on Form 1A carefully.
    4. Make sure chocks are in place.
    1. Adjust seat and rudders for height and length.
    2. Check ignition switch OFF.
    3. Set parking brake.
    4. Check bomb and gun safety switches are OFF.
    5. See that landing gear control handle is in the DOWN position. On the P-51D, there is NO ARENS control to prevent accidental raising of gear on the ground.
    6. Unlock controls and check for freedom of movement. Control lock is located at the base and just forward of the stick. Pull the plunger on the left side of the lock to unlock controls.
    7. Fasten safety belt and shoulder straps.
    8. Set altimeter to correct barometric pressure.
    9. Oil and coolant shutters to full OPEN position as soon as batter cart is plugged in.
    10. Set trim tabs. Rudder 5 Right, Elevator 2 to 3 Nose UP (with 25 gallons or less in fuselage tank). Elevator 1 to 3 Nose DOWN (fuselage tank full). Aileron 0 for Take-Off.
    11. Release hydraulic pressure with wing flaps and flap handle to UP position.
    12. Close canopy (bubble) as follows:
      1. Push in on axle of crank on right side of cockpit to engage clutch.
      2. Disengage pin on crank handle from the holes on the face of the clutch housing by pulling crank knob inboard gently.
      3. Turn crank counterclockwise, holding knob inboard to close canopy.

      WARNING - If red indicators show through openings on each side of the forward end of the enclosure, the emergency release is unlocked and unsafe for flight.

    1. Ignition switch OFF.
    2. Have prop pulled through if it has been idle more than 2 hours.
    3. Generator and battery switch ON, unless battery cart is being used, then battery switch OFF.
    4. Throttle 1 inch open.
    5. Mixture control in IDLE CUT-OFF.
    6. Propeller control in INCREASED RPM.
    7. Supercharger switch in AUTOMATIC.
    8. Carburetor air control in RAM AIR.
    9. Turn ignition switch to BOTH.
    10. Fuel shut-off valve ON and fuel selector valve to Fuselage tank (if full), or Left Main tank if Fuselage tank not serviced.
    11. Fuel booster pump on NORMAL and check for 8-12 pounds of fuel pressure.
    12. Prime engine 3 to 4 shots when cold. 1 to 2 when warm.
    13. See that prop is clear.
    14. Lift guard on starter switch on pilot's switch panel and press switch to START. Caution in use of starter not to overheat.
    15. As engine starts, move mixture control to AUTO RICH. If engine does not fire, after several turns, continue priming.

      WARNING: When engine is not firing, mixture control should be in IDLE CUT-OFF.

    16. Warm engine at approximately 1300 RPM. Check for constant oil pressure. If no oil pressure or low pressure after 30 seconds, shut off engine.
    17. Check all instruments for proper readings.
    18. Check hydraulic system operation by lowering and raising flaps. Loading 800-850 pounds and unloading at 1050-1100 pounds.
    19. Check communication equipment for proper operation.
    20. Uncage all gyro instruments.
    21. Check both LEFT and RIGHT MAIN and FUSELAGE fuel systems by rotating fuel selector valve with booster pump switch in EMERGENCY. Check for 14-19 lbs/sq. in. If drop tanks are installed, check fuel flow by rotating fuel selector control.
    1. Check wing flaps UP.
    2. Have wheel chocks pulled.
    3. Steer a zigzag course.
    4. Taxi with stick slightly aft of neutral. This will lock the tail wheel. In the locked position the tail wheel may be turned 6 degrees to the right or left by use of the rudder pedals. For sharp turns, push stick forward of the neutral position to allow the tail wheel full swiveling action. Use brakes as little as possible.
    5. Always taxi with the WING FLAPS UP and the OIL AND COOLANT SHUTTERS in the open position.
    1. At 2000 RPM, check the following:
      Suction 3.75 to 4.25 inches HG.
      Hydraulic pressure 800-1100 lbs/sq. inch.
      Ammeter not to exceed 50 amps.
    2. Check the instruments for the following limitations:
      Desired Maximum
      Oil Pressure 70-80 lbs/sq. in. 90 lbs/sq. in.
      Oil Temperature 70 deg C - 80 deg C 90 deg C
      Coolant Temperature 100 deg C - 110 deg C 121 deg C
      Fuel Pressure 12-16 lbs/sq. in. 19 lbs/sq. in.
    3. Check mags at 2300 RPM. Maximum drop 100 RPM.
    4. At 2300 check propeller - 300 RPM maximum drop - and return to full INCREASE RPM.
    5. Oil and coolant shutters AUTOMATIC.
    6. Wing flaps 20 if desired.
    7. Mixture AUTO RICH.
    8. Propeller in full INCREASE RPM.
    9. Fuel booster pump on EMERGENCY, check for 14-19 lbs/sq. in.
    10. Generator switch ON.
      Manifold Pressure RPM Mixture Control
      Take-off 40" Hg 3000 RPM Auto Rich
      Climb 35" Hg 2600 RPM Auto Rich
      Cruise 26"-28" Hg 2300-2400 RPM Auto Rich
    1. Mixture AUTO RICH.
    2. Oil and coolant shutters AUTOMATIC.
    3. Fuel selector to fullest tank. NOTE: Never land on droppable wing tanks.
    4. Booster pump switch to NORMAL position.
    5. RPM increased to 2600.
    6. Normal gear procedure:
      1. Retard throttle to check landing gear warning light (17"-22" M.P.).
      2. IAS 170 or below. Put landing gear handle in DOWN position.
      3. Allow time for gear to extend.
      4. Retard throttle to check warning lights. If light does NOT come ON at previously noted position of throttle, gear is DOWN and LOCKED.
    7. Lower flaps as desired. Full flap speed 165 or below.
    1. Raise flaps.
    2. Booster pump OFF.
    3. Oil and coolant shutters OPEN.
    4. Run engine to 1500 RPM, set mixture control to IDLE CUT-OFF and move throttle fully open.
    5. Turn ignition switch OFF after propeller stops turning.
    6. Fuel shut-off valve OFF.
    7. Turn all switches OFF.
    8. Lock controls.
    1. There is NO emergency wing flap operation provided on the P-51D as the hand pump has been eliminated. On all earlier models of the P-51, emergency operation is as follows:
      1. Put flap selector to desired position and operate the hand pump until it siezes. Flaps will be in desired position and will stay there until another selection is made.
    1. If normal extension fails, recheck landing gear warning light by retarding throttle until landing gear warning light comes on.
    2. At an IAS of 170, put gear handle in down position and yaw plane. Recheck landing gear warning light by retarding throttle blow 20" M.P.
    3. If the landing gear warning light is still ON, indicating gear not down and locked, pull fairing door emergency release knob and yaw the plane again to lock gear.
    4. Then again retard throttle to check warning light.

      NOTE: The warning light does NOT indicate the position of the tail wheel. If there is any doubt as to whether or not the tail wheel is down, dive the airplane a short distance and pull out with enough acceleration to down the tail wheel. REMEMBER - THE ONLY CHECK AVAILABLE FOR THE MAIN GEAR IS THE WARNING LIGHT. USE IT!

    1. If AUTOMATIC operation of oil and coolant shutters fail due to thermostat or AUTOMATIC circuit failure,
    2. Check circuit breaker. If it has popped out, push it back in. If it won't stay in, hold it in and
    3. Hold switch in manual OPEN (or CLOSED) long enough to open (or close) shutters, (approximately 15-20 seconds).


      The above is an ALTERNATE procedure ONLY. If the electric motors are burned out, there is NO EMERGENCY PROCEDURE.

    1. The cockpit enclosure may be released as a unit in an emergency. The Emergency Release handle is located on the right forward side of the cockpit. To release the canopy, pull the handle all the way back. Remember: Duck you hear as you pull the handle to avoid a head injury.
    2. To bail out, either of two procedures may be followed:
      1. Release canopy, roll airplane over on its back and drop out.
      2. Release canopy, climb out of cockpit, lower yourself onto the wing and roll off.
  13. When the drop tanks are installed, the gear may not retract or extend properly due to aerodynamic forces causing a suction between the drop tanks and the fairings on the landing gear; to break this suction it is necessary to yaw the airplane from side to side.

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